Holding the Heathen Hammer high
I’ve always liked Norse Mythology and wished we would have covered mythology in history class at some point during my school years. Sadly that NEVER happen, but fortunately I’ve been trying to compile everything I can into one page for others, from Basic knowledge, to the gods, Vikings and anything else.
I took one of those personality tests (link should be included somewhere on the page) to see what Norse God I’d be and it ended up being Odin. (Who is the god of MANY things and probably the reason he is called the all father.) Odin is the chief god of the Norse pantheon. Odin is the god of… War, death, Poetry, prophecy, magic, victory, & the Hunt.
Part of the Aesir Odin resides in Asgard at Valaskjalf palace for which he built for himself, and sits on his throne Hlidskjalf where he can spectate what happens in each of the nine worlds. He rides his 8 legged steed Sleipnir in to war wielding his spear called Gungnir
I previously had the Days of the week noted here, but it never looked right however I wonder why Loki doesn’t have his own day (beside the fact he’ s a pain in everyone’s mead horns). I know he’s only half god but Why no Loki day? Oh wait that’s right his day is sort of a holiday, or at least the day before one. That would be Mischief Night which is October 30th.
I have so much information I can post & there’s only so many links I can post from certain sites etc here so I may make a seperate page on one of my blogs for it instead, Or make a blog of its own likely with this same title.
So here I give you
(by Request) thanks to Steve Thompson Proud sponsors of www.DogTagsForKids.com supporting our military families.. Use of image upon permission; On my end show proof you made a donation of at least $1 and on my end you have it… but you need to ask Steve as well. I do not claim credit for the intro image. A friend posted it on my facebook page & is from as long as the raven flies by raven_tales it will change once I find a picture more suitable to cover the topic. Credit for it is given in the polaroid later on in the page.
Norbe Norse Norns Logo text made with Cooltext
‘quotes; are from Elder and or Poetic edda
International Viking day
core themes are limited gods, trickery, doom, and heroism
The gods are the inhabitants of Asgard, which is just one of 9 worlds. The other words are homes to ice giants, fire giants, dwarfs, humans, and other creatures. There is no God sitting above all worlds, though we are rooting for the Aesir of Asgard. The Aesir aren’t even the only godlike beings. There are also the Vanir, who mix with the Aesir, but are their own race.
Odin has to earn his powers. He plucks out his own eye to exchange for a drink from a well that grants great knowledge. He impales himself on the world-tree at the axis of the 9 worlds with his great spear in order to gain mastery of the magic of runes. He relies on magic items, pets–such as the two ravens, Thought and Memory, that bring back knowledge of the world–and his allies.
One of Odin’s key allies is Loki, the trickster god, descended from frost giants. Unlike in the Thor comics, Loki is actually the blood brother of Odin. Odin relies on Loki’s cunning to outfox others, such as the giants. This theme of trickery appears in other contexts, where Loki is a villain, attempting to fool Thor and others. Remember that ancient Germanic people loved riddles and valued cleverness as well as strength.
Loki’s trickery ultimately leads to the gods’ doom, starting the world-ending battle known as Ragnarök . This sense of doom is always there beneath the stories. The Norns are three women who weave the fates of god and men.
In the face of the death that must come to us all, gods and great warriors show heroism, fighting monsters. The greatest mortal warriors go to the heroes’ hall, Valhalla, upon death, where they can feast and drink until the ultimate war, Ragnarök.
Volsug– decendents of Odin through Ragnar
Ynglings-decended of Frey from Aslug
Hliðskjálf,- Odin’s Throne
Valfǫðr (Father of the chosen-slain)
Skol-cheers (offereing friendship and goodwill to other northmen when drinking during special occasions)
Ver her- were here
The Poetic Edda is a collection of (mostly unrelated) Old Norse poems, passed down orally then written down together in one manuscript in Iceland in the 1200s. The Prose Edda was also written down in the 1200s in Iceland, but has a single author who composed it, Snorri Sturluson. –Jackson Crawford @Norsebysw
Life and Culture
Life & Death
They lived to be 40-50 years old
Jarl (Cheiftain or Aristocrat type)
No Pure warrior class. Every Man had to be a fighter even women were trained for defense.
Shield Maidens were women that chose to go to battle alongside the men instead of their responsibilities on the home front.
The Raven Banner was flown by Viking Chieftains & Scandinavian rulers in battle from 9th-11th centuries
Silver was targeted in raids more than the other valuables!
Powerful Kings most often gave half of ther body gaurds to their Queen and maintained (paid) them himself.
Both Men & women were independent & enterprising.
Volva Women had immense authority and were often paid for their prophetic services
-any man prepared to die for what he believed was important was held in high esteem by friends and foes alike.
It was much easier in Viking age Scandinavia to move up the social ladder than anywhere else in Europe
An Earl or King would have ‘Household troops ‘ which were the most experienced warrirors placed on the front lines for battle
Norse women were one of the most liberated of the times. They had status, some being Priestesses, wise women, shield maidens (warriors) rune mistress, & healers. Women as equal to the men cold go before the Thing (assembly) and request for divorce or be granted justice just as men unlike man other cultures or religions of the times. Viking men and women were possibly as close to equals as we are today.
The women were buried in the best attire along with brooches of Gilt bronze
‘Burials’ were most commonly done during the Viking era by cremating the body with clothes and jewelry (also burring the ashes with grave goods) During the show Vikings, they have shown some being put in a ship with their things sometimes the broken hearted would sacrifice themselves to be with the deceased & the ship would be lit aflame, & cast off.
according to @Viking_facts While Christians were normally buried oriented east- west a pagan burial was usually North-south
Runestone memorials were brightly colored (when carved) and were used from the 4th – 12th centuries They started out simple & grew more complex over the years
The wealthier side of the Norse (like Kings & such) would have their walls whitewashed, burning the lime themselves
breed of herd dogs that were used during the Viking age were : Norweigan Buhund, Icelandic Sheepdog, Vallhund, Lapp reindeer dog, & Lapphund
Lighting in typical Long house came only from the smoke holes in the roof, and doors leading outside. If that wasn’t enough they had to use simple lamps or torches
Beer was made to be both weak which was consumed on a daily basis, and strong was used during festivities.
Medical treatments included cleaning wounds, setting broken bones, lancing, used bandages, anointing, & herbal remedies.
Plague was a very common tragedy killing hundreds spreading through England & Scandinavia
Nordic men bleached their hair with lye soap in keeping with the culture’s beauty standards to become ‘golden heads’
Shoes were basically a piece of leather sewn to the shape of the wearer’s foot and leather straps to secure it.
They were surprisingly cleaner than you think and did not wear the horned helmets (as perceived in Hagar the Horrible comic strip which started) this started about the end of the 19th century
Clothes; from material to cut & Style, indicated one’s wealth & influence
Not all Vikings were red heads (Denmark) or Blonds like those of Scandinavian decent
Imports & Exports
Common exports of Norway were: Timber, whetstones, Soapstone, iron, barley & tar
Exports of Sweden were: Iron & Fur
Exports of Iceland: animal fat, fish, sulfur & clothes
Game animals (deer, bear, elk and boar) were hunted for food using spears or Bow & arrows. In the North Seals & Walruses were hunted.
The only thing to sweeten food in the viking age was wild honey
Smoking Salting & drying during the summer and autumn are how fish were preserved.
I have only heard of mead which I have seen made by fermenting honey but @Viking_Facts note Bjorr was a popular drink & that it was a strong liquor made from fermented fruit.
Berserkers are believed to have fought in a drug-induced frenzy by eating hallucinogenic mushrooms
Numbers were usually spelled out on rune stones
according to @Vikings_facts Runes were used from c to c. 1600 with the younger Futhark used through the Viking age
Homosexuality was not considered evil, perverted, etc. Though men who subjected themselves to sex with another man was thought to be a follower.
Horses weren’t used much in battle other than to get the leaders to the battlefield quicker.
The indigenous people of Nothern Scandinavia called Sami had a good trading relationship with the Norse and even intermarriages.
Duels were common to settle disputes, oft ending in death but the earliest one could end is when blood falls on a cloak or ground.
Dialects (languages based from) of OldNorse:: West norse } Iceland, Greenland & Norway, East Norse} Denmark & Sweden then there was Gutnish from Gotland
Faroese and there was Norn, spoken in the northern isles until the 18- 19th centuries
Icelandic is the closest to Old Norse and Icelanders can easily read the sagas in their original format
Strongly believed in their role of honor & freedom. Outspoken & fearles in battle, steadfast on friendship and have even taken to sworn bloodoaths. A man fostered in a family can claim the same rights & help as blood members.
All for 1, 1 for all~ The First Muketeers?
an insult to one family member was an insult to all. If a member was discraced, all members of the family were affected.
Disir they are basically spirits (ghosts) that can be antagonistic or not toward the living and may act as protectors of a clan. Some think they may be the same as their version of wights or nature spirits.
Calendar & Celebrations
(I’m, including links here until I can work out a way to include the Months Days & celebrations in a grid)
There are 8 major celebrations or ‘blots’ (pronounciated as bloat) here is page that I found very informative Sacred Calendar of Asatru
Loved a good story and a jest.
Sports & Board games were played after the Nattmal (Night meal). I’m sure it’s needless to say that the sports were often physical and Bloody
-In Viking culture a quick witted poet could win fame and fortune just as a brilliant warrior. Anyone who was both had the world at his or her feet.
Harps Bells & drums
There were 2 types of Entertainers or Musicians That of: skalds (Bards) would tell stories & recite poems at feasts & celebrations & Jesters– who were pretty low in status.
Alvissmal- (Norse) Scaldic synonyms here’s one from the Poetic Edda
Hyndlvljoth (Norse) – Historical, Gynecological poem
Kennings- Phrase which all hearer knew was image of something else. (something like a simile and metaphor)
Fire of Odin & Fire of the Valkyries= depict a sword
Falcon’s tree- Human forearm
Ship of Dwarves= Poetry
tears of Freya or cushion of the Dragon Fafnir= Gold
Reddening of Spears or Valkyries magic song= battle
wound dew- blood
to feed the ravens or to sate the eagles = killing enemies
The Fire- Gold
Bone stones= Fossils
Sun Blood= gold
Viking cultures and stories of the wild west both portray self-reliance,
a certain grit and a fatalistic sense of humor.” –Jackson Crawford
Gods and Myths of Northern Europe.
In Norse religion, Asgard (Old Norse: Ásgarðr; meaning “Enclosure of the Æsir”) is one of the Nine Worlds and is the country or capital city of the Norse Gods surrounded by an incomplete wall attributed to a Hrimthurs riding the stallion Svaðilfari, according to Gylfaginning. Valhalla is located within Asgard. Odin and his wife, Frigg, are the rulers of Asgard.
The primary sources regarding Asgard come from the Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Icelandic Snorri Sturluson, and the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from a basis of much older Skaldic poetry. – Wikipedia
List of Kennings http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_kennings
This is a little more than just the myths. I didn’t care for it mostly because by the end it’s written as if Christianity came before The Norse Pagan religion when in fact it did not, Christianity was waging a war on those they deemed Heathen (anyone not Christian)
‘I still have the book, though I don’t believe I will read it again. Buy Now
Norse Mythology Jelena Ralčić Nice try, but it’s actually the opposite. There are more Norse goddesses who wield weapons than there is Greek goddesses who wield weapons, just as there are more Norse goddesses than Greek goddesses.
Freya, the mightiest of the Norse goddesses, leads the Valkyries. The Valkyries consists of both goddesses, semi-goddesses and mighty shieldmaidens. I prefer Norse myths instead Greek mythology because of its poems, its cosmology, its creatures, its places… its very complex compared with Greek myths…For a while i thought Thor would equal Zeus, but he is more comparable to Hercules…since they both scared the Gods so much with their strength as kids that they were sent to be raised outside of Realms of gods http://www.norsemyth.org/2012/03/middle-school-student-asks-about-norse.html
500 years before Italian explorer Christopher Columbus ‘discovered’ America;
Norse Explorer Leif Erikson son of Eric the Red in the year 1000
was the first European to set foot on the North American continent.
Sadly we do not learn of Leif’s discovery in school, only Columbus’
(apparently the Board of Ed is controlled by some Christian group)
In 1964 Lynden B Johnson proclaimed the day to be Leif Erikson day.
other Notable Viking Days
May 17- Norwegian Constitution day
This is a good video, tho there are some good points and bad points
Lothbrok is a nickname in old Norse interpreted to mean “hairy Breeches” . The nickname is thought to come from the breeches he wore during a fight with a dragon in one of the legends. Ragnar was married three times, Lagertha, Thora (a noblewoman) and Aslug, which bore him 6 sons (and no girls unlike what the Vikings tv series) Bjorn was not firstborn nor Lagertha’s son but Aslug’s. There are many contradictory stories but one has Ragnar as the son of a swedish king, and in historical circles is supposed to be an amaglomation of several figures due to timelines and locations.
Uncovering History in the news
Ivar The Boneless
He spans history and legend a famous warrior and one of the leaders of ‘The Great Heathen army’ that landed in 865 and went on to conquer them and Northumbria. He lead the raid in Ireland on Dumbarton on Clyde. Ivar is not mentioned in Englaish annal;s after 870 however likely spent the remainder of his career around the Irish sea and his death is recorded in Irish annals in 873 remembed as the founding fatherof the royal dynasty of the Viking Kingdom of Dublin and his descendants at various points also ruled other parts of Ireland, Northumbria and the Isle of man. There are many theories to his nickname. Some believe it was that like in the show he had brittle bone disease’ others believe it was a metaphor for impotence, that he was very flexible or as noted above the nickname ‘beinlausi’ could also be translated as ‘legless’ which might indicate lameness, like the loss of a leg in battle or simply being a drunkard.
Days of the Week
Monday – mánadagr=moon’s Day (Mani)
Tuesday- Tysdagr= Tyr’s day
Wednesday- óðinsdagr =Odin’s day
Thursday- þórsdagr= Thor’s Day
Friday- frjádagr-Freya’s Day (or Frigg’s Star)
Saturday- laugardagr – Washing Day
Sunday- sunnudagr= Sun’s Day
Months (& celebrations)
(looking for the source for this. The original site I had it on mucked it up)
Month- Norse trans. Celebration
January -Giuli- Snowmoon
February – SolmÃ³naÃ¾ -Horning Charming of the plow
March – HrÃ©dmÃ³naÃ¾-Lenting
May – Ãrimilchi-Merry moon
June- LÃÃ¾a – Midyear
August- WÃ©odmÃ³naÃ¾- Harvest -Freyfaxi
November- BlÃ³tmÃ³naÃ¾- Fogmoon
Cnut the Great
The ultimate viking success story, The younger son of Svein Forkbeard (that paints a picture doesn’t it?) King of the Danes who conqured England in 1013 but died almost immediately. Cnut’s brother Harald inherited the Danish Kingdom this left Cnut possibly still in his teens to restore his father’s authority in England which reverted to Anglo-saxon King Ethelred the 2nd. Cnut had conquered England in his own right by 1016 , cementing his position by marriage to Etherlred’s widow. Not only did his success come through victory but in a few years became a King of Denmark peacefully. This was the first time all of Denmark and England were under the rule of one king. Come 1028 Cnut conqured Norway and established the largest North sea empire seen before or since however it fragmented following his death in 1035. While under the rule of Cnut Denmark benefitted from regular trade and an influx of ideas as well as a material wealth. Towns became more upoirtant as economic and administrative centers, Coinage was developed as well as as the influence of the christian church established. The traitor even went on a peaceful pilgrimage with the pope. He’s more an Anglo saxon king than a Viking but his greatest success illustrates the great strength of Vikings…their abiity to adapt to a variety of cultures and circumstances. So the very fact that many of Cnut’s acheivements seem rather un-viking, makes him in some ways the ultimate.
Putting the Thor in Thursday the days of the week from Tuesday to Friday are named after the Norse gods,,,
Tuesday is Tyr’s Day
Wednesday is Odin or a variation of the name .. Woden’s day
and Friday is (I always mix Friday’s up) It’s either for Frey, Freya or Frigg
Thursday is reserved for the God of Thunder none other than Thor (the protector of Midgard aka Earth)
“On Thursday evening one must neither spin nor hew. The Esthonians think Thursday holier than Sunday. What punishment overtook the transgressor, may be gathered from another superstition, which, it is true, substituted the hallowed day of Christ for that of Donar (Thor): “He that shall work on Trinity Sunday (the next after Pentecost), or shall wear anything sewed or knitted (on that day), shall be stricken by thunder.”
Thor is the Norse god of Thunder, wielding his hammer Mjolnir, which when struck, makes thunder.Thor is also associated with Lightning, Storms, oak trees, strength, Protection of humankind, as well as hallowing, healing, and fertility. During the Roman Empire period, the Germanic peoples adopted the Roman calendar and replaced the Roman gods with their own… the Latin dies Iovis “day of Jupiter’ was converted to proto-germanic it with Þonares degaz “Thor’s day” in which stemmed the English Thursday. Beginning in the Viking age personal names containing the theonym Thórr are recorded with frequency. Prior to the Viking age, no known examples are recorded. Thórr-based names may have flourished during the Viking age as a defiant response to attempts at Christianization, similar to the widescale Viking-age practice of wearing Thor’s hammer pendants
The Challenge of Thor
I am the Thunderer!
I am the God Thor,
I am the War God,
Here in my Northland,
My fastness and fortress,
Reign I forever!
Here amid Iceburgs
Rule I the nations;
This is my hammer,
Miölner the mighty;
Giants and Sorcerers
Cannot withstand it!
These are the gauntlets
wherewith I weild it,
And hurl it afar off;
This is my girdle;
Whenever I brace it,
Strength is redoubled!
The Light thou beholdest
Stream through the heavens
in Flashes of crimson,
Is but my red beard
Blown by the night-wind,
Affrighting the nations!
Jove is my brother;
Mine eyes are the lightning;
The wheels of my chariot
Roll in the Thunder
The blows of my hammer
Ring in the earthquake!
-Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
First off, in Norse ‘myth’ its Valkyries not one of the name Valkyrie, the character was made up by Marvel. not to mention the character for the movie looks NOTHING like a Valkyrie which used to be those who’d go to the battlefields and decide what warriors/soldiers would be taken to Valhalla. Of the Valkyries One’s name was brunhild I believe Lagerda was another
Pagan’ religion I’ve come to find is usually used as a term for any and all religions NOT Christian as I’ve seen it used for Egyptian, Roman and Greek and many others.
From what I’ve read The Norse/Vikings rarely wrote. usually Runes were used mostly to carve weapons (spells or named battle gear) or to honor the dead and so on.(like the runestones But the common norse would not have known. I read somewhere it was usually the priests, Black smiths and those that were ‘mystics’
I think You may have made a little typo. Its not MIME’s well.. it is Mímir’s well. No where else does it say mime’s (in my books, on wiki, Norse blog, nor other sites)
Svǫrt verða sólskin
of sumor eptir,
veðr ǫll válynd
Vitoð ér enn, eða hvat?
Brœðr muno beriaz
ok at bǫnom verða
Hart er í heimi,
—skildir ro klofnir—
áðr verǫld steypiz.
Mun engi maðr
It sates itself on the life-blood
of fated men,
paints red the powers’ homes
with crimson gore.
Black become the sun’s beams
in the summers that follow,
weathers all treacherous.
Do you still seek to know? And what?
Brothers will fight
and kill each other,
will defile kinship.
It is harsh in the world,
—an axe age, a sword age
—shields are riven—
a wind age, a wolf age—
before the world goes headlong.
No man will have
mercy on another.
6 Vikings Rulers You should know (+ video)
Ragnar’s Forgotten Wife not really sure how much to put into this, as I KNOW the History channel show is based on history, (but also uses creative license. Ragnar and Rollo were not brothers but were made so for the show to tell about 2 iconic people of Viking history.)
Came across this, though it sounds like a speak n spell
AS for reading anything by Snorri-Sturluson(just click the link)
The Norse “Zombie”: The Aptrganga
The Norse “Zombie”: The Aptrganga pic.twitter.com/tAn6BJ2Xf7
— Jackson Crawford (@Norsebysw) October 31, 2016
known as fierce warrior as his archetypal Viking nickname shows. He was involved with raiding around the British Isles and in the Baltic since his early teens. He was (at different points) a King of Western Norway and at another time King in Northumbria where he still has a legacy in York’s Viking based tourist industry. How he got his nickname is less impressive, as it came from kiling several of his brothers. Erik and his wife Gunnhild (who was either a Danish princess or Witch from Northern Norway) between them were responsible for the deaths of 5 of his brothers. His brother Håkon the Good challenge Eirik for the kingship of Norway during the growing unpopularity of Eirik and his wife, and wasn’t able to muster enough support and fled without a fight. bloodaxe was wiling to even give his enemies fair hearings however was said to be under the thumb of his dominating wife which made him ‘too easily persuaded’ which from this description makes him come off as more like a cartoon characterHagar the Horrible anyone? More than a real viking hero.
I purchased this years back, probably when I was still in school. I still re-read it from time to time. There’s not much more I can mention other than it includes a short history section, Rune Tables and associations, Myths and Deities, as well as spell work and more, Celebrations as well (but these are the same for any pagan or Wiccan) . Buy Now
sites & sources
thenorsegods is good for a beginner to start or just give you a refresher for those that are rusty.
-thorpe: secondary settlement (but in the Midlands could by Old English Throp meaning settlement). Example Copmanthorpe
-thwaite: originally thveit, woodland clearing. Example Slaithwaite (Huddersfield)
-toft: site of a house or building. Example Lowestoft, Langtoft-
-keld: spring. Example Threkeld
-ness: promontory or headland. Note: Sheerness is Old English; Inverness is Gaelic (meaning mouth), Skegness is Old Norse
-by: farmstead, village, settlement. Example Selby, Whitby
-kirk: originally kirkja, meaning church. Example Ormskirk
Sheffield: field by the River Sheaf
• Harrogate: Place at the road to the cairn (heap of stones)
• Wetherby: wether sheep farmstead
• Whitby: white farm
• Scarborough: the stronghold of Skarth
Aud the Deep-minded
also known as Deep-Wealthyshe she is remembered as one of the great founding settlers of Iceland. She was the daughter of the Norweigain chieftain Ketil Flatnose. Was the wife of Olaf the White the King of Dublin in mid 9th century and following his death moved to Scotland with her son Thorstein the Red a great warrioror and who became a king of a large part of north and western Scotland. Later Aud took her grand-children with her to the settlement of Iceland in the 870s . SHe had a ship built and sailded first to the Orkney, married off one of her grand-daughters and back to Iceland claiming a large piece of land in the west. She was accompanied by friends and famiy along with SCottish and Irish slaves the last group of which she set free granting them each a small part of her larger claim of land encouraging loyalty from their descendants to hers.
Northmen trailer & Vikingdom reviews
was a decent movie starring Ryan Kwanten of True blood fame
Movie ‘Vikingdom’ insults the followers of old religion Open letter to the makers of Vikingdom” The letter notes How they get The stories & meaning of Thor backwards & twist many of the beliefs to their own agenda. (& how aweful was it? It came on Syfy channel April 26th)
as far as the beginning credits goes, it looks like a wannabe 300. Dominic Purcel stars (& that would be like the 4th or 5th Aussie playing a Viking (of some sort) Wait he just died, in the beginning.. Oh wait that’s a little backstory ok. Basically theis had to be written by Christians and the Red hair on Thor is laughable ..yes he had red hair, but I doubt it was Hot Topic dye Red! They have the Vikings wearing helmets which was VERY rare if at all and definately was NOT a whole army. People probably are mixing Vikings & Saxons. Frey reminds me of David Bowie with the outfit they have on him. THe Portrayal of Thor as if he is more predator than the protector of the people. This was so insulting & So bad I couldn’t keep waching it. Where is Sharknado to take it away?
Season 3 announce
Northemen: A viking saga starring Ryan Kwanten (of True Blood) will open October 9 in Germany & the german speaking region of Switzerland